Company Structure

It is crucial to understand the essential elements of a company's structure when starting a business in Cyprus.


When you form a business in Cyprus, the firm must have at least one shareholder and one director, both of whom might be individuals or corporate entities, according to Cyprus law.  A Secretary must also be appointed, who might be either individual or a corporate body.

All official correspondence and notices must be sent and received at the company's registered office in Cyprus, which must be located in Cyprus. It is critical for the smooth operation and success of a business formed in Cyprus to have a clear grasp of the duties and responsibilities of the shareholders, directors, secretary, and registered office address. 


Every company established in Cyprus should have at least one shareholder. Complete anonymity of the ultimate beneficial owner (UBO) of a Cyprus company is no longer possible in Cyprus because there is a legal requirement for the ultimate beneficial owner of a Cyprus company to be declared and registered with the Cyprus Registrar of Companies within 30 days of the incorporation of companies in Cyprus. However, if the client wishes, we can also act as a nominee shareholder for them (through a trust deed). Upon company registration in Cyprus, if the UBO of a Cyprus company prefers, the shares can be registered in their name.

In the case of Cyprus company incorporation, it is important, both from a tax point of view and for administrative purposes, for the management and control of the company to be exercised within the Cyprus jurisdiction. Our office is able to provide our clients with Cyprus resident nominee corporate directors. However, since the Cyprus corporate law requirements for registering Cyprus companies have become increasingly stringent recently with regard to the provision of nominee services in Cyprus, in order to act as a nominee director for a Cyprus company, we will require very close collaboration with the ultimate beneficial owner of the company, who will have to provide us with details of the Cyprus company's business activities, copies of any agreements and contracts, information concerning any bank transactions, up-to-date bank statements, etc.

The Cyprus Companies Law requires that every company has a company secretary. Our office can provide this service through a nominee secretary, provided by one of our nominee companies. Please note that this is a secretary in name only. It is merely a post held and does not involve the provision of any actual (traditional) secretarial services.

The duties and responsibilities of a company secretary in Cyprus are :

  • to attend all general meetings of the Company and of the Board of Directors
  • to maintain and update all the registers for a Cypriot company
  • to keep and file proper minutes of the general meetings of the company in Cyprus and other proceedings
  • to keep the company’s seal
    as per the instructions of the Board of Directors, to prepare, issue and dispatch notices regarding board meetings or shareholders' meetings to the members of a Cyprus company and to other relevant persons
  • to maintain the statutory registers of a company registered in Cyprus
  • to issue share certificates
  • to prepare any other document required by the law
  • to correspond with the members of the Company regarding transfers of shares, calls, forfeiture of shares in a Cyprus company, etc

In addition, a Cyprus company secretary is responsible for preparing and filing the annual returns to the Registrar of Companies.

The Cypriot company secretary may also sign statutory declarations on behalf of the company and certify documents.

Another legal requirement when you register Cyprus companies is that Cyprus companies should have a registered office, without implying that this entails the opening of an administrative office. Our own office address may be used as such. The registered office needs to be in Cyprus for tax residency purposes so that the new company will be considered as being resident in Cyprus and will therefore benefit from the favourable Cyprus corporate tax regime - the Cyprus corporate tax rate is just 12.5% of its net worldwide profits.


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